(1) Get a glass container - a baby food jar is good. Put some denatured alcohol in it. Half way is good. (It must be denatured, not rubbing alcohol). Drop in a pinch of shellac flakes. Swizel around. These will disolve.
(2) Paint stone area to be dopped with the alcohol/shellac solution and let it dry. The purpose of this is to make a stronger bond by bonding shellac to shellac, rather than to smooth stone.
(3) If this is the first dopping, place the stone on a large cone dop with something like florist putty, or similar holding material. Put that dop in the transfer fixture, on the bottom. Put the dop you want to dop the stone to in the top of the transfer fixture, then bring it down to check the centering of the stone. Center the stone. Press down with dop. Raise dop. Put some shellac flake on the stone. Bring top down until it just touches the shellac flake. Begin heating top dop. DO NOT PUT FLAME DIRECTLY ON SHELLAC. As shellac melts, push dop down with firm, even pressure. Let set a few minutes until cool. Stone should now be dopped and ready to facet.
(4) If this is a transfer, place dopped stone in transfer fixture. Put shellac flake in bottom receiving dop. Bring top dop down until it almost touches receiving dop and shellac. Begin heating dop with flake shellac in it (Bottom Dop). DO NOT PUT FLAME DIRECTLY ON SHELLAC. As shellac begins to melt, bring top dop down and press together with firm, even pressure. Let set a few minutes until dop is cool.
(5) Take both dops out with stone between them. Lay transfer fixture flat. Put receiving dop in fixture, with dop you want to remove sticking out. Heat dop you want to remove on the very end. At same, wet a paper towel and hold stone. Dop will fall off in a few seconds, or you can help it by weighting the top. DO NOT TOUCH DOP YOU REMOVED UNTIL IT COOLS, IT IS VERY HOT.
THESE INSTRUCTIONS CAN BE USED WITH REGULAR DOP WAXES. IGNORE THE PARTS ABOUT DISSOLVING IN ALCOHOL. THE REST OF THE TECHNIQUE IS THE SAME.